How to warm-up SharePoint or other web applications and WCF (SOAP) services with PowerShell

There are many reasons you might want to warm-up a web application occasionally. It can be after a fresh deployment or on a regular basis after recycling application pools. Some times you might also need to warm-up SOAP services without going through front-end.

It might seems to be any easy task specially if you have PowerShell 3.0 or higher on your servers, but after Googling a while and reviewing some of the top hits I discovered that each solution is missing a part. Some only work in a single server scenario and some has forgotten that each HTTP response might contain links to scripts and images that we need to download and finally I could not find anything for SOAP services that just works. Long story short I decided to put together a simple script that just works and is easy to change to everyone’s needs.

Please note that my only assumption is you have PowerShell 3.0+ in your servers.

Currently the script takes care of the following tasks, but I will most likely improve it to cover other useful scenarios.

  • Calling SOAP operations and sending parameters and custom headers
  • Calling front-end URIs and downloading scripts and images that are local to the front-end
  • Logging to a configurable folder and file name
  • Cleaning up old log files

Currently, I have the following points in mind to improve the script.

  • Put configuration in a different file.
  • Improve function definitions (named and typed parameters and description).
  • Default values for parameters when it makes sense (e.g. log folder can be the current folder).
  • Support REST services.


#Parameters
$logFolder = "C:\Temp\logs"
$logFile = "$logFolder\Warmup_$(Get-Date Format "MM-dd-yyyy_hh-mm-ss").log"
$timeoutSec = 10
$headers = @{
SOAPAction= "";
"Accept-Encoding" = "gzip,deflate";
"User-Agent" = "PowerShell/Warmup-WebApp"
}
$webRequests = @(
@{
SOAPAction = "http://tempuri.org/IService1/Operation1";
Body = @"
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/&quot; xmlns:tem="http://tempuri.org/"&gt;
<soapenv:Body>
<tem:Operation1>
<tem:Parameter1>1</tem:Parameter1>
<tem:Parameter2>2</tem:Parameter2>
</tem:Operation1>
</soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
"@
},
@{
SOAPAction = "http://tempuri.org/IService1/Operation2";
Body = @"
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/&quot; xmlns:tem="http://tempuri.org/"&gt;
<soapenv:Body>
<tem:Operation1>
<tem:Parameter1>1</tem:Parameter1>
<tem:Parameter2>2</tem:Parameter2>
</tem:Operation1>
</soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
"@
}
)
# Functions
function Write-Log([string]$level, [string]$text) {
$logTime = Get-Date Format "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.fff"
Write-Host "[$level] $text"
if ($logFile -ne $null) {
"$logTime [$level] $text" | Out-File FilePath $Logfile Append
}
}
function Cleanup-LogFiles() {
$expiryDate = (Get-Date).AddMinutes(-7)
[bool]$logFileDeleted = $false
$filesToDelete = Get-Childitem $logFolder Include "*.log" Recurse | ? {$_.LastWriteTime -le $expiryDate} | % {
Remove-Item $_.FullName | out-null
Write-Log "Information" "File deleted successfully – $_"
$logFileDeleted = $true
}
if (-not $logFileDeleted) {
Write-Log "Information" "No old log file was found in $logFolder"
}
}
function Warmup-WcfService($serviceUrl) {
foreach($webRequest in $webRequests) {
$headers["SOAPAction"] = $webRequest.SOAPAction
Invoke-WcfService $serviceUrl $headers $webRequest.Body
}
}
function Invoke-WcfService($uri, $headers, $body) {
$invocationStartTime = Get-Date
try {
$result = Invoke-WebRequest Uri $uri Method Post UseDefaultCredentials ContentType "text/xml; charset=utf-8" Headers $headers body $body TimeoutSec $timeoutSec
$invocationDuration = (Get-Date).Subtract($invocationStartTime)
if ($result.StatusCode -eq 200) {
if ($result.Headers.ContainsKey("Content-Length")) {
$contentLength = $result.Headers["Content-Length"]
} else {
$contentLength = "$($result.RawContentLength) (raw)"
}
Write-Log "Information" "WCF operation invoked successfully – Operation: $($webRequest.SOAPAction)($variation), Duration: $($invocationDuration), Length: $contentLength"
} else {
Write-Log "Warning" "WCF operation failed – Operation: $($webRequest.SOAPAction)($variation), Status: $($result.StatusCode) $($result.StatusDescription), Length: $contentLength"
}
} catch {
Write-Log "Critical" "WCF operation failed – Operation: $($webRequest.SOAPAction)($variation), Exception: $_"
}
}
function Invoke-WebPage([string]$uri, [bool]$getImages, [bool]$getScripts) {
try {
$response = Invoke-WebRequest Uri $uri UseDefaultCredentials TimeoutSec $timeoutSec Proxy "http://localhost" ProxyUseDefaultCredentials
if ($response.StatusCode -eq 200) {
Write-Log "Information" "Web page invoked successfully – URL: $uri, Images: $($response.Images.Count), Scripts: $($response.Scripts.Count), Links: $($response.Links.Count)"
} else {
Write-Log "Warning" "Web page invocation failed – URL: $uri, Status: $($response.StatusCode) $($response.StatusDescription)"
}
} catch {
Write-Log "Critical" "Web page invocation failed – URL: $uri, Exception: $_"
}
if ($getImages) {
FetchResources $uri ($response.Images | ? { $_.src } | % { $_.src })
}
if ($getScripts) {
FetchResources $uri ($response.Scripts | ? { $_.src } | % { $_.src })
}
}
Function Fetch-Resources($baseUrl, $resources) {
[uri]$uri = $baseUrl
$rootUrl = $uri.Scheme + "://" + $uri.Authority
$counter = 0
foreach ($resUrl in $resources) {
if ($resUrl.StartsWith("http", [System.StringComparison]::OrdinalIgnoreCase)) {
$fetchUrl = $resUrl
} elseif (!$resUrl.StartsWith("/")) {
$fetchUrl = $rootUrl + "/" + $resUrl
} else {
$fetchUrl = $rootUrl + $resUrl
}
# Progress
Write-Progress Activity "Opening " Status $fetchUrl PercentComplete (($counter/$resources.Length)*100)
$counter++
# Execute
try {
$resp = Invoke-WebRequest UseDefaultCredentials UseBasicParsing Uri $fetchUrl TimeoutSec 120
Write-Log "Information" "Resource has been downloaded successfully – URL: $fetchUrl"
} catch {
Write-Log "Warning" "Resource failed to download – URL: $fetchUrl, Exception: $_"
}
}
Write-Progress Activity "Completed" Completed
}
# Execution
Write-Log "Information" "My Web Application Warmup Script – $(Get-Date)"
Write-Log "Information" "Cleaning up old log files…"
CleanupLogFiles
Write-Log "Information" "Warming up WCF Services…"
WarmupWcfServices
Write-Log "Information" "Warming up Front-End…"
Invoke-WebPage "http://domain.com/area1/Page1.aspx" $true $true
Invoke-WebPage "http://domain.com/area1/Page2.aspx" $true $true
Write-Log "Information" "My Web Application Warmup Script Completed."

I’m open to any suggestion and feature request. Please let me know if you found it useful or if have got something wrong.

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